If you are interested in protecting your skin from the signs of aging, you most surely have heard of retinol, a Vitamin A derivative that supports collagen production and increases skin cell turnover, thus reducing fine lines and wrinkles.
But it doesn’t stop there. Retinol also reduces hyperpigmentation and dark spots and can even treat acne. But, of course, there’s a catch. It can cause redness, irritation, dryness, and even flaking and peeling of the skin.
Those with sensitive skin who have tried retinol and retinoids can understand the frustration of finding a product that will help with the signs of aging but not being able to withstand the side effects. I am one of those people with sensitive skin. So when I heard about bakuchiol, a plant-based compound that rivals the results obtained from retinol, I had to learn more.
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What Is Bakuchiol?
Bakuchiol is an antioxidant compound from the psoralea corylifolia plant, also called babchi. Babchi originates from India and has traditionally been used in Ayurvedic and Chinese medicine. Bakuchiol is extracted from babchi seeds. It retains the plant’s soft lavender hue, which you will see showcased in many of today’s bakuchiol-based products.
While bakuchiol doesn’t work in the exact same way that retinol does, it has a similar gene expression as retinol. Gene expression controls collagen production. The most exciting conclusion is that bakuchiol produces similar results as retinol without some of the disadvantages of retinol!
On a side note, in case you were wondering, bakuchiol is pronounced either “buh-koo-chee-all” or “back-uh-heel”. I go with the “buh-koo-chee-all” pronunciation. I think it’s easier to say.
Studies on the Effectiveness of Bakuchiol in Skincare
For those of you who enjoy the technical details, most of the major studies on the effectiveness of bakuchiol in skincare have come in recent years. Let’s take a look at two.
A 2014 bakuchiol study published in the International Journal of Cosmetic Science confirmed the similar gene expression of bakuchiol and retinol. In addition, a clinical case study tested bakuchiol in a finished skincare product of 0.5% bakuchiol through facial application twice a day.
After twelve weeks of treatment, the results were clear. There was a significant improvement in lines and wrinkles, pigmentation, elasticity, and firmness, plus a reduction in photo-damage. The most exciting part of the study showed that it accomplished all of this without the usual side effects of retinol, such as redness, dryness, peeling, and flaking.
In a 2018 bakuchiol study published in The British Journal of Dermatology, a twelve-week side-by-side test of bakuchiol and retinol was performed. Participants applied either bakuchiol 0.5% cream twice daily or retinol 0.5% cream daily. Both showed an improvement in wrinkles and hyperpigmentation, but, once again the retinol users experienced more stinging and scaling of their skin. Their conclusion was that bakuchiol is an alternative to retinol for the improvement of photoaging and is better tolerated than retinol.
And there you have it: bakuchiol is a viable retinol alternative. You can read what the studies say, but you may be wondering if it’s right for you. Let’s take a look at the differences between bakuchiol and retinol and then I’ll dive into my experience with three bakuchiol products.
Retinol vs Bakuchiol
- Retinol may contain animal by-products, from sources like liver, fish, and eggs, while plant-based bakuchiol is 100% vegan.
- Retinoids such as retinol will make you sun sensitive while bakuchiol will not. Although we all should all be wearing sunscreen every day, it is nice to know that you can use bakuchiol during the day without photosensitivity worries.
- Retinol may come with unwanted side effects, such as irritation, stinging, redness, flaking and peeling, while bakuchiol, generally does not. It is important to note that bakuchiol is extracted from a plant, but that doesn’t mean that you won’t have a reaction. Some people are sensitive to plant extracts. It is important that you patch test bakuchiol before slathering it all over your face to be sure that you are not allergic and that it works with your skin type.
- As more and more bakuchiol products hit the market, you can find it available at a variety of prices to fit all budgets. Since retinol is already established in the market, you can also find retinol available at a variety of price levels.
Keep in mind that bakuchiol was tested against retinol, not stronger prescription-strength retinoids. Bakuchiol most likely cannot compete in effectiveness with prescription retinoids. So if your skin can tolerate stronger prescription retinoids such as tretinoin, you will most certainly see better results with the prescription retinoids.
Acure, Burt’s Bees & The Inkey List Bakuchiol Serums/Moisturizer
It’s exciting to see that there are multiple drugstore bakuchiol skincare products now available. Here are a few that I’ve tried:
Acure Radically Rejuvenating Dual Phase Bakuchiol Serum is a dual-phase ampoule. An ampoule is similar to a serum but typically has a higher concentration of actives. This serum contains bakuchiol plus eggplant, turmeric, holy basil, and antioxidants.
The top layer contains an antioxidant-rich essence and the bottom layer is a moisturizing serum. You shake the bottle to create one unique product! The serum contains some effective actives in addition to bakuchiol:
- Tocopherol: Also known as vitamin E, it helps to protect from photodamage caused by UVB radiation.
- Ascorbyl Glucoside: This stable form of vitamin C supports collagen formation and reduces hyperpigmentation.
- Curcuma Longa (Turmeric) Root Extract: This plant extract has anti-inflammatory, brightening, and wound-healing qualities.
- Solanum Melongena (Eggplant) Fruit Extract: Eggplant is chock full of vitamins and minerals and is skin conditioning.
- Ocimum Basilicum (Basil) Flower/Leaf Extract: This plant extract contains vitamins A and C and provides moisturizing, antimicrobial, and anti-inflammatory benefits.
After you shake the serum, it turns a pale green shade. This is such a lovely lightweight serum. It’s brightening, smoothing, and very gentle on the skin. The texture feels like both a serum and oil once applied to the skin, thanks to the jojoba oil in the formula. Jojoba oil is similar to human sebum. It moisturizes and protects the skin barrier. This serum is vegan, paraben-free, sulfate-free, mineral-oil free, petrolatum-free, formaldehyde-free, and cruelty-free.
Related Post: The Ordinary Anti-Aging Skincare Review
Burt’s Bees Renewal Intensive Firming Serum is a 98.6% natural origin product. It is formulated with, you guessed it, bakuchiol! The serum is designed to improve elasticity and firmness and reduce the appearance of deep lines and wrinkles. It also contains sunflower seed oil, glycerin, vitamin E, and natural fragrance.
The serum itself is a white liquid that comes in a glass bottle. It is applied with a dropper that has a pump at the top. I think the packaging is rather elegant for a drugstore brand. The serum applied smoothly and felt very moisturizing. I experienced absolutely no irritation from this serum.
The Inkey List Bakuchiol Moisturizer contains 1% plant-derived bakuchiol to address those pesky fine lines and wrinkles and even skin tone. It also contains squalane and sacha inchi oil.
Squalane not only hydrates the skin but also offers protection from UV damage which contributes to the signs of aging. It also provides anti-inflammatory benefits and even balances oil production. Sacha inchi oil is one of the richest plant-based sources of omega-3 fatty acids. It has many antioxidant benefits including the ability to defend against free radical damage. It also supports the formation of collagen, helps improve elasticity, and reduces the look of pores, and dark spots.
This moisturizer is a thin white cream that disappears quickly once applied to the skin. I am thrilled that it causes no irritation to my skin. I love using this on top of The Inkey List Retinol Serum at night for a double wrinkle-fighting dose of actives.
My Favorite Bakuchiol Application Tip
For those of you who can tolerate retinoids, why not multiple the anti-aging benefits of retinol and bakuchiol by layering them together? You might layer other antioxidant serums, so why not these two? Dermatologists agree.
As I mentioned with The Inkey List Bakuchiol Moisturizer, I love to apply bakuchiol over gentle retinoids. I feel like I am getting extra bang for my buck by using them at the same time and seeing results quicker.
Related Post: A Guide to Drugstore Retinol
Give It Time
Ultimately, I think the secret to bakuchiol is giving it time. If you recall in the studies I referenced, both tested bakuchiol for twelve weeks. That’s three months. There’s no way around it. It takes time. But if you are diligent in daily or twice daily application, you are bound to see the results.
Final Thoughts on Bakuchiol as a Skincare Alternative to Retinol
Bakuchiol is one of my favorite skincare ingredients. It addresses multiple signs of aging without the side effects of retinol. Even better, there are some fantastic affordable options available at drugstore prices.
The Inkey List is under $10 and Burt’s Bees and Acure are under $20, so there is a bakuchiol product for everyone’s budget. Also, remember that every bakuchiol product is unique. Each contains different supplemental ingredients, so one may work better for your skin than others.
Bakuchiol is quite new in skincare, so I expect that we will be seeing a slew of new products featuring bakuchiol in the coming years. Have you tried bakuchiol? If so, I’d love to hear your experience with it!
Thanks for reading, and until next time…